Find out what care is needed before donating blood • Health Congress 2022

Discover the most important and most vital occasion within the well being sector in Brazil.

By donating blood, a single individual can save as much as 4 lives. It’s a easy gesture that helps maintain blood banks stocked, saving 1000’s of lives yearly. To guarantee the security of this course of, there are some important precautions. Learn extra about them and see the donation steps under.

Blood donation steps

The technique of donating blood consists of a number of steps. First, the potential donor should be a minimum of 16 years previous (minors should be accompanied by a guardian) and have handed a Hemobanco registration course of. To register, you will need to convey an official photograph ID: common registration certificates (RG), nationwide driver’s license (CNH), work allow or passport.

It is important to current an identification doc when registering to donate blood. (Source: Shutterstock/Reproduction)

Once this is achieved, the scientific triage, an interview performed by a well being skilled to evaluate the well being situations of those that wish to be blood donors. It is checked that the individual meets the necessities and doesn’t pose any threat to those that will obtain the donation.

If the screening is authorised, the donor might be despatched to blood assortment. The process lasts between 15 and 20 minutes, carried out with sterile, single-use materials.

Women can donate blood each 90 days and are restricted to a few donations per 12 months, whereas males could make as much as 4 donations per 12 months, 60 days aside.

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Care before donating blood and after the process

All the procedures concerned in donating blood comply with sure guidelines of the Ministry of Health with the intention of assessing the integrity of donors and recipients. Among these guidelines, there are some situations that may stop donation:

  • flu, fever or chilly;
  • being pregnant or within the puerperium;
  • to be lactating;
  • having had a tattoo or piercing within the final 12 months;
  • having carried out the dental extraction 72 hours before the donation;
  • having undergone a blood transfusion within the final 12 months;
  • having been uncovered to conditions of threat of sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

These are a few of the momentary impediments to donating blood, however different eventualities might be categorized as impediments, resembling the usage of sure drugs and the prognosis of some power illnesses. Other than that, it is price noting Alcohol should not be consumed through the 12 hours previous to the donation.

Any one who meets the established situations and doesn’t current any momentary or everlasting obstacle can donate blood. (Source: Shutterstock/Reproduction)

Regarding care after donating bloodit is advisable that the individual:

  • stay seated for a minimum of quarter-hour after assortment;
  • eat and drink the snack offered on web site;
  • drink loads of fluids within the first 24 hours after donation;
  • keep away from effort and bodily workout routines for 12 hours;
  • maintain the dressing for a minimum of 4 hours.

If the individual feels sick, dizzy, weak, or faints after donating blood, they need to sit with their head between their knees or lie down with their legs elevated. These steps stop the strain from dropping and improve blood circulation within the head area, which shortly relieves signs.

In the occasion of diarrhea or different indicators indicative of an infectious illness inside seven days of donating blood, contact the physique accountable for assortment.

Do you wish to know extra? See right here the opinion of our specialist companions in Health.

supply: Gabriel Institute, Government of São Paulo, Ministry of Health, Virtual Health Library, Fundação Pró-Sangue

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