Varola dos monkeys: suspicious case ruled out in Ouro Preto – Gerais

Varola dos monkeys: suspicious case ruled out in Ouro Preto – Gerais

Minas Gerais n
Minas Gerais has not confirmed any cases of smallpox (photo: photo: Freepik)

Fundao Ezequiel Dias’s (Funed) analysis ruled out suspicions of a case of monkeypox, known as monkeypox, in Ouro Preto, in the central region of Minas Gerais. The Secretary of State for Health (SES-MG) had announced that the case was under investigation on Wednesday night (15).

Ouro Preto joins Belo Horizonte, Uberlndia and Ituiutaba with cases ruled out after laboratory tests. There are currently no confirmations in Minas.

None of the people examined in the state had a recent history of overseas travel. Ouro Preto’s patient was in So Paulo before showing symptoms.

After the appearance of rashes that cover most of the body, with blistering and fever, the man, who was a student, was treated at the Hospital Santa Casa da Misericrdia in Ouro Preto and later transferred at the Hospital Referencia Eduardo Menezes, in Belo Horizonte. , Tuesday (14/6).

O State of the mines spoke with Golden Preto Health Secretary Leandro Moreira, who ruled out smallpox smallpox in the municipality.

“The official result of the sample that was sent to Funed for a possible case of ‘monkeypox’ here in Ouro Preto came out late. It was negative. The patient remains stable and in treatment at Eduardo Menezes Hospital. case until discharge. “

Monkeypox

According to the Butantan Institute, Monkeypox is a “wild zoonosis,” a virus that contaminates monkeys and can affect humans.

The infection usually occurs in the forested regions of Central and West Africa. The disease is caused by the monkeypox virus, which belongs to the orthopoxvirus family.

There are two types of viruses: West Africa and Congo Basin (Central Africa).

Although smallpox in West Africa is sometimes severe for some individuals, the disease is usually self-limiting (no treatment required).

The West African virus mortality rate is 1% for the unimmunized, while for the Congo Basin virus it can reach 10%.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), children are also at higher risk, and smallpox during pregnancy can lead to complications, smallpox or the death of the baby.

The WHO is currently working with experts to adopt a new name for Monkeypox, as the term “monkeypox” is considered discriminatory and stigmatizing.

Symptoms

The initial symptoms of “monkeypox” are:

  • fever
  • headache
  • muscle aches
  • back pain
  • swollen lymph nodes (lymph nodes)
  • shivers
  • exhausted
In addition, the disease can cause skin lesions that first develop on the face and then spread to other parts of the body, including the genitals.

Skin lesions are similar to chickenpox or syphilis. There is still crusting that eventually falls off.

contagion

According to Butantan, the source of the infection in the reported cases has not yet been confirmed by the WHO.

In general, smallpox can be transmitted by contact with drops exhaled by an infected person (human or animal) or by skin lesions, as well as materials such as clothing and sheets.

The incubation period is usually six to 13 days, but can range from five to 21 days. Therefore, infected people should be isolated and under observation for three weeks.

Vaccine

Thinking about treatments, Butantan reports that vaccination against smallpox has been shown to be protective against monkeypox.

Although a vaccine (MVA-BN) and a specific treatment (tecovirimat) were approved in 2019 and 2022, countermeasures are not yet widely available.

All over the world, people under the age of 40 or 50 no longer get the vaccine because their campaigns have stopped.

In the UK, smallpox immunization is offered to people at higher risk and with comorbidities.

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